Falsehoods Spread by the U.S. on the Ukraine Issue: A Reality Check (3)


© Offered by Xinhua

Falsehood 8: By not supporting the vote to sentence Russia on the UN Basic Meeting, China is standing on the fallacious aspect of historical past.

Actuality verify: A lot of the international locations on this planet together with China and different creating international locations have legit considerations and share comparable positions on Ukraine. Most international locations disapprove of addressing disputes via wars and sanctions.

◆In latest communication with China, leaders and international ministers of nations together with France, Germany, Indonesia, South Africa, Cambodia, Italy, the Netherlands, Spain, Pakistan, Zambia, Algeria, Egypt, Saudi Arabia, India, Switzerland and Myanmar have all expressed help that the Ukraine disaster needs to be resolved via dialogue for peace.

◆On March 2, 2022, when the UN Basic Meeting voted on the draft decision titled “Aggression in opposition to Ukraine” sponsored by Ukraine and various international locations, international locations who voted in favor have a mixed inhabitants of three.3 billion, lower than half of the world whole. An evaluation by Der Spiegel, a German weekly journal, means that whereas the end result could appear clear on a country-by-country foundation, it was stunning in one other perspective: international locations that abstained, which included India and South Africa, symbolize a mixed inhabitants of greater than 4 billion, and a few of the international locations who did vote sure have refused to hitch Western sanctions.


◆Sudheendra Kulkarni, former shut aide to former Indian Prime Minister Atal Bihari Vajpayee, wrote in an article that the battle in Ukraine has created a state of affairs requiring India and China to coordinate their views and actions since each have pleasant relations with Moscow, and that India’s impartial international coverage and train of its “strategic autonomy” have been seen in its refusal to be wooed by the US administration to take an anti-Russia stand.


◆America has lengthy imposed an embargo and financial sanctions on Cuba in defiance of resolutions adopted by the UN Basic Meeting. On June 23, 2021, a complete of 184 international locations voted in favor of a decision on the UN Basic Meeting to demand the tip of the US embargo and financial sanctions on Cuba, for the twenty ninth yr in a row, with solely the US and Israel voting in opposition to it. America has not but totally lifted its blockade in opposition to Cuba.

◆In December 2021, the UN Basic Meeting adopted a decision co-sponsored by Russia and greater than 30 different international locations, condemning Nazism, neo-Nazism and all types of racism. Solely the US and Ukraine voted in opposition to it. Since 2015, the US has persistently voted in opposition to comparable resolutions submitted by Russia.


◆In an interview with the CBS in 1996, former US Secretary of State Madeleine Albright, then US ambassador to the United Nations, responded to the information that 500,000 kids had died in Iraq because of US sanctions by saying that “We predict the value is price it.”


◆Over the previous twenty years or so, the US has performed tens of 1000’s of air strikes in locations together with Afghanistan, Iraq, Somalia and Syria. The variety of harmless civilians killed may very well be anyplace between 22,000 and 48,000.

https://archive.globalpolicy.org/element/content material/article/170-sanctions/41952.html

◆In March 1999, the US-led NATO forces bombed the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia for 78 consecutive days with out authorization of the UN Safety Council, killing not less than 2,500 harmless civilians, and injuring about 10,000, most of whom have been civilians.


◆On August 29, 2021, a US drone strike in opposition to a automotive in Kabul killed 10 civilians, together with seven kids. On December 13, 2021, the Pentagon introduced that no US navy personnel would face any sort of punishment or be held accountable for the strike.


Falsehood 9: It’s a mistake for China to not help US sanctions in opposition to Russia.

Actuality Test: Each historical past and actuality have proved that as a substitute of bringing peace and safety, sanctions would solely result in a lose-lose or no-win state of affairs. Sanctions are by no means a basic or efficient resolution to issues. Quite the opposite, imposing sanctions is like “placing out hearth with firewood”, and can solely make issues worse. Dialogue and negotiation is the one approach for resolving the Ukraine disaster.

◆Of the 233 sovereign states and areas on this planet, 185 haven’t participated within the sanctions in opposition to Russia. Greater than 140 of the 190-odd UN member states, together with Turkey, a NATO member, haven’t joined such sanctions. BRICS international locations, the Shanghai Cooperation Group member states and observer states, and OPEC members are all against the sanctions in opposition to Russia initiated by the US and another NATO international locations.


◆6.5 billion vs. 1.1 billion, that is the inhabitants of nations and areas that haven’t participated in Russia-related sanctions in opposition to those that have performed so. Amongst this, 4.8 billion folks have explicitly opposed such sanctions.

◆Brazilian Overseas Minister Carlos Franca lately criticized the US and European sanctions in opposition to Russia and expressed the view that the unilateral and selective sanctions are unlawful below worldwide regulation. In line with him, these sanctions will develop regional conflicts to the worldwide stage, and trigger extreme secondary hurt to different international locations, significantly the creating international locations, whereas developed European economies can even endure and face grim challenges akin to power shortages.


◆In line with an article titled “The Messy Center” printed by the New York Occasions, most Western international locations’ help for Ukraine, together with sending weapons and imposing sanctions on Russia, may give the impression of a united international response to Russia’s navy operation. However that is not the case. A lot of the world’s international locations, together with many “democracies”, haven’t shipped assist to Ukraine or joined in sanctions, occupying the center floor.

◆By the tip of 2021, the US had had greater than 9,400 sanctions in impact, a virtually tenfold enhance from 20 years in the past. The US Authorities Accountability Workplace concluded that not even the federal authorities was conscious if and when the sanctions have been in impact, and that officers on the Departments of State, Commerce and the Treasury claimed that that they had not performed company assessments of the effectiveness of sanctions in reaching broader US international coverage targets.



◆In April 2019, a examine by the Washington-based Middle for Financial Coverage Analysis revealed that US sanctions in opposition to Venezuela have prompted greater than 40,000 deaths from 2017 to 2018.


◆It’s estimated that the US financial sanctions in opposition to Afghanistan after its withdrawal from the nation may kill extra civilians than the twenty years of battle.


◆The OECD estimated that international financial progress can be greater than 1 proportion level decrease this yr because of the battle between Russia and Ukraine and the sanctions, whereas inflation may rise by a few additional 2.5 proportion factors on mixture the world over. Europe would face a chilly winter and spikes in pure gasoline costs.


◆US inflation has hit a 40-year excessive lately. US Treasury Secretary Janet Yellen stated that People will seemingly see one other yr of “very uncomfortably excessive” inflation as a result of battle between Russia and Ukraine. An economist at Allianz, Europe’s largest insurance coverage firm, estimated the US inflation price would peak at “very shut or above 10 p.c” due to the disaster.

http://version.cnn.com/2022/04/12/financial system/comsumer-price-inflation-march/index.html



Vitality costs in Europe are at report highs, with electrical energy, heating and transport payments rising in lots of international locations, in addition to the costs of meals and a few each day requirements. In line with German media, the present state of affairs in Europe is similar to the oil disaster within the Seventies, because the battle between Russia and Ukraine has led to hovering oil costs and a excessive danger of inflation and financial recession.


Knowledge launched on April 8 by the Meals and Agriculture Group of the United Nations means that the worldwide meals value registered an enormous leap in March as a result of battle in Ukraine, up by 12.6 p.c from February, reaching a brand new excessive. The combating has left a lot of Ukraine’s arable land uncultivated. In April, spring plowing began in solely 30 to 50 p.c of the deliberate space, which implies 50 million tons of world grain provides can be affected.



◆In line with the primary analysis report on US sanctions in opposition to Russia launched by the Chongyang Institute for Monetary Research at Renmin College of China, the all-out US sanctions in opposition to Russia have had a critical damaging impression on the world, together with Europe and Russia, resulting in international inflation, provide chain shocks, and slowdown of financial restoration.


◆Gita Gopinath, the Deputy Managing Director of the IMF, stated that monetary sanctions imposed on Russia would steadily dilute the US greenback’s dominance, which could to some extent fragment the worldwide financial system.


◆Greek worldwide regulation professional Sarigiannidis stated that “The Western governments don’t want a Russian folks that will demonize the West. I believe it’s of their pursuits to finish these sanctions as quickly as doable.”


Falsehood 10: The Russia-Ukraine battle is “democracy vs autocracy”.

Actuality Test: The battle between Russia and Ukraine is a geopolitical rivalry brought on by the Chilly Warfare mentality. The “democracy vs autocracy” narrative produced by the US on the Russia-Ukraine battle is an ideal instance of its Chilly Warfare mentality.

◆On April 1, 2022, Prime Minister Lee Hsien Loong of Singapore stated throughout his dialogue with the Wall Avenue Journal Editorial Board that “on US-China, it is likely one of the issues which can be difficult by Ukraine. America asks why China doesn’t stand with it. It’s important to be very cautious to not outline the issue with Ukraine in such a approach that robotically, China is already on the fallacious aspect, for instance, by making this a battle of democracies in opposition to autocracies”.



◆In an article printed on the web site of East Asia Discussion board on December 7, 2021, Baogang He, Professor and Chair of Worldwide Relations at Deakin College, wrote, “…framing US-China strategic competitors when it comes to democracy versus autocracy is a poor technique. It would intensify international polarization and gas geopolitical competitors at a time when worldwide solidarity is desperately wanted to cope with local weather change and different shared challenges. The democracy-versus-autocracy framework offers a poor basis for the ‘new Chilly Warfare’ between the US and China.”

Biden’s misguided framing of US-China rivalry as democracy versus autocracy

◆ Within the title of “spreading democracy”, the US promoted the “Neo-Monroe Doctrine” in Latin America, incited “coloration revolutions” in Eurasia, and directed from behind the scenes the “Arab Spring” in West Asia and North Africa, bringing chaos and disasters to many international locations and critically undermining world peace and stability. Now, once more within the title of “democracy”, the US is definitely dividing the worldwide neighborhood, creating division, and undermining the progress towards higher democracy in worldwide relations.

◆In Might 2021, the Latana polling firm of Germany and the Alliance of Democracies Basis (based by Anders Rasmussen, former Prime Minister of Denmark and NATO Secretary Basic) launched a Democracy Notion Index Report 2021, which is predicated on a survey performed amongst over 50,000 respondents in 53 international locations. In line with the report, 44 p.c of the respondents are involved that the US threatens democracy of their nation.

◆ Shakeel Ramay, Chief Govt Officer of the Asian Institute of Eco-civilization Analysis and Improvement, wrote that “The West has launched a marketing campaign to point out solidarity with Ukraine. The slogans of sovereignty, human rights and a rule-based international system are again in enterprise. The West is making an attempt to behave as a staunch protector of values, human rights and sovereignty. It’s skillfully crafting a marketing campaign and a story, which fits its geo-political and geo-economic agenda.”


◆US filmmaker Oliver Stone stated in an interview that the essence of US democracy is cash politics. America has styled itself because the mannequin of democracy, but it’s willfully violating worldwide guidelines and creating division. When it takes 14 billion {dollars} to elect a president, you surprise what sort of democracy it’s. You may’t even get a congressman to speak to you until you pay or you have got a enterprise curiosity. The US authorities is “completely corrupt”.


◆US Congressman Mo Brooks has revealed that chairmanships of main committees of the US Congress should be bought, with the value, charged by each events, relying on the significance of the committee and a minimal bid of 1 million US {dollars}. Particular curiosity teams run Washington, and public coverage debates are very corrupt, which is a vital motive why the US authorities has been unable to reply successfully to many challenges.

◆Winners of 91 p.c of US congressional elections are candidates with higher monetary help. Unusual voters are wooed solely when their votes are wished. They’re ignored as soon as the election is over. The failings of the electoral system are all too apparent. As an example, gerrymandering, the prevailing follow of redrawing electoral districts, undermines equity and justice.

Falsehood 11: Ukraine at this time would grow to be Taiwan tomorrow. If the Chinese language mainland “pursues reunification with Taiwan by power”, the US will impose sanctions on China simply because it did on Russia, and China will face extreme penalties.

Actuality verify: The Taiwan query and the Ukraine situation are completely different in nature. The Taiwan query is a legacy of the Chinese language civil battle. Taiwan has all the time been an inalienable a part of China’s territory, and the Taiwan query is solely China’s inner affair.

◆A complete of 181 international locations, together with the US, have established and developed diplomatic relations with China on the premise of the one-China precept. However whereas stressing respect for sovereignty and territorial integrity on Ukraine, the US has blatantly trampled on the crimson line of the one-China precept on the Taiwan query. That is nothing however sheer double normal.

◆In 1943, leaders of China, the UK and the US issued the Cairo Declaration, stating clearly that every one the territories Japan has stolen from the Chinese language, akin to Taiwan and the Penghu Islands, shall be restored to China. In 1945, the Potsdam Declaration reiterated that the phrases of the Cairo Declaration shall be carried out. All this reveals unequivocally that within the worldwide neighborhood, there isn’t a controversy in any respect concerning China’s territorial sovereignty over Taiwan.

◆In October 1971, the UN Basic Meeting adopted Decision 2758 with an awesome majority, which determined to revive the lawful seat of the Folks’s Republic of China on the UN. The decision resolved the problem of China’s UN illustration in political, authorized and procedural phrases as soon as and for all. The official authorized opinions of the Workplace of Authorized Affairs of the UN Secretariat clearly said that “the United Nations considers ‘Taiwan’ as a province of China with no separate standing”, “authorities in Taipei are usually not thought-about to … take pleasure in any type of governmental standing”, and that the area needs to be known as “Taiwan, Province of China”.

◆The one-China precept and the three Sino-US joint communiques represent the political basis of China-US relations. In 1971, the US declared that it “acknowledges the Chinese language place that there’s however one China and Taiwan is a part of China”, that it will not repeat the phrase that the standing of Taiwan is undetermined, and that it had not supported and wouldn’t help actions for “Taiwan independence”. President Richard Nixon affirmed the above ideas to Premier Zhou Enlai throughout his go to to China in 1972.

◆Within the Joint Communique of the Folks’s Republic of China and the US of America (the Shanghai Communique) signed on February 27, 1972, the US declared that it “acknowledges that every one Chinese language on both aspect of the Taiwan Strait keep there’s however one China and that Taiwan is part of China. The US authorities doesn’t problem that place” and that it “affirms the last word goal of the withdrawal of all US forces and navy installations from Taiwan. Within the meantime, it is going to progressively cut back its forces and navy installations on Taiwan as the strain within the space diminishes”.

◆Within the Joint Communique on the Institution of Diplomatic Relations between the Folks’s Republic of China and the US of America (the Joint Communique on the Institution of Diplomatic Relations) signed on December 16, 1978, the US said that it “acknowledges the federal government of the Folks’s Republic of China as the only authorized authorities of China. Inside this context, the folks of the US will keep cultural, business and different unofficial relations with the folks of Taiwan” and that “[t]he authorities of the US of America acknowledges the Chinese language place that there’s however one China and Taiwan is a part of China”.

◆Within the Joint Communique between the Folks’s Republic of China and the US of America signed on August 17, 1982 (the August 17 Communique), the US reiterated that “it has no intention of infringing on Chinese language sovereignty and territorial integrity, or interfering in China’s inner affairs, or pursuing a coverage of ‘two Chinas’ or ‘one China, one Taiwan'” and that “it doesn’t search to hold out a long-term coverage of arms gross sales to Taiwan, that its arms gross sales to Taiwan is not going to exceed, both in qualitative or in quantitative phrases, the extent of these equipped in recent times because the institution of diplomatic relations between the US and China, and that it intends steadily to scale back its sale of arms to Taiwan, main, over a time period, to a closing decision”.

◆Because the institution of diplomatic relations, successive US administrations have promised to abide by the three Sino-US joint communiques. Nevertheless, not lengthy after establishing diplomatic ties with China, the US handed the so-called “Taiwan Relations Act”, adopted by an inner provide of “Six Assurances” to Taiwan, each in breach of US commitments made within the three joint communiques, and the one-China precept established by the UN Basic Meeting Decision 2758 and broadly noticed by the worldwide neighborhood. Therefore they’re unlawful and void from the very starting.

◆For a while now, the US has been bending, altering and back-peddling on its dedication on the Taiwan query when it comes to its phrases and deeds, making an attempt to hole out the one-China precept.

Politically, the US has launched various Taiwan-related acts and raised the extent of engagement with Taiwan. In 2018, then US President Donald Trump signed the “Taiwan Journey Act”, encouraging high-level visits between US and Taiwan officers. The “US Consolidated Appropriations Act 2022” asks the administration to tell apart Taiwan from the mainland of China when making maps of China, a flagrant problem to the one-China precept.

Army-wise, the US has by no means stopped promoting arms to Taiwan, and has often despatched warships via the Taiwan Strait. Since 1979, the US has delivered 107 rounds of arms gross sales to Taiwan, together with offensive weapons akin to anti-radiation missiles, heavy torpedoes and F-16V fighters. Below the Trump presidency, US arms gross sales to Taiwan totaled practically 20 billion US {dollars}. Simply over a yr in workplace, the Biden administration has introduced three rounds of arms gross sales to Taiwan. In 2020, US warships sailed via the Taiwan Strait 13 occasions, the very best report in 14 years.

Internationally, the US has labored to assist Taiwan develop its so-called “worldwide area”. In October 2021, US Secretary of State Antony Blinken issued a press release that the US encourages all UN members to hitch it in supporting Taiwan’s energetic and significant participation within the UN system and the worldwide neighborhood, and invited Taiwan to the so-called “Leaders’ Summit for Democracy” hosted by the US. All different contributors to the summit have been sovereign states.

◆Below the present US administration, various US congressmen and former political leaders have visited Taiwan. In August 2020, then US Secretary of Well being and Human Providers Alex Azar visited Taiwan. In September 2020, then US Below Secretary of State Keith Krach visited Taiwan. After the outbreak of the Russia-Ukraine battle, Mike Mullen, former Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Workers, headed a delegation of former senior protection and safety officers to Taiwan. Quickly after that, former US Secretary of State Mike Pompeo visited Taiwan. America additionally deliberate a go to to Taiwan by Nancy Pelosi, Speaker of the Home of Representatives. A bipartisan US congressional delegation headed by Senate Overseas Relations Committee Chairman Bob Menendez visited Taiwan, which triggered a lot media hype-up by the “Taiwan independence” forces. What the US has performed is a malicious provocation in opposition to China’s sovereignty and gross interference in China’s inner affairs, and can ship out an especially harmful political sign.

◆The US “Indo-Pacific technique” is changing into a byword for bloc politics. From strengthening the 5 Eyes to peddling the Quad, from placing collectively AUKUS to tightening bilateral navy alliances, the US is staging a “five-four-three-two” formation within the Asia-Pacific, aiming at an Indo-Pacific model of NATO and a repeat of “Ukraine disaster” in Asia.

◆The US makes an attempt for breakthroughs on the Taiwan query present no regard to the frequent will of the UN membership embodied in Decision 2758, contravene the consensus of the worldwide neighborhood, undermine the needs and ideas of the UN Constitution, and jeopardize peace and stability within the Taiwan Strait.

China should be reunified and will certainly be reunified. The Chinese language aspect will try for the prospect of peaceable reunification with utmost sincerity and efforts. That stated, ought to the “Taiwan Independence” forces make provocations, power our arms and even cross the crimson line, China can be compelled to take resolute measures.


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